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Surprise about Fishing

Surprise About Fishing

Surprise About Fishing

Sea is always a treasure of surprises. The surprise element of sea was a source of inspiration for writers, artists and poets in the creation of many classic stories, novels and paintings. The beauty and mystery of sea attracted people form every walk of life. Apart form being an inspirational source sea is also a means of livelihood for a majority sector of people. According to the historical evidence right from the Stone Age period fishing was done by ancient people. There are several remarks in the history about fishing and it clearly states that fish and other sea foods was staple food of several communities form the ancient time onwards. Fishing is defined as an activity done for catching fish through several methods. Fishing is not confined to sea but also in fresh waters. There are techniques adopted by people who have specialized skills in catching the fish. There are communities who depend on fishing for their livelihood. From the ancient time onwards there were countries that had fishing communities who implemented various methods of fishing.

Egyptians depended on river Nile for catching fish and depictions of different methods of fishing was inscribed in the old papyrus documents and on tomb pictures. From the ancient pictorial representation the olden methods of fishing were seen as catching fish by netting and hooking. These two methods are still followed by fisher men as the traditional form of fishing. There are other remarks about fishing in the Holy Bible and Holy Quran. Religious influence and impact is seen in the fishing tradition and culture of different fishing communities. Certain sector of people in all most all religions including Christianity, Islam, Hinduism and Buddhism have followed the occupation of fishing as their tradition and culture. In many parts of the world fishing is an occupation that is the reflection of cultural identity. There are fishing communities that entirely depend on fishing for their livelihood from generations to generations.

People near the Mediterranean Sea had a staple seafood diet. The communities who live in the coastal areas and islands have a diet of seafood diet where fish is consumed in a major quantity. In Southern India there are references traced back to the 1st century where pearl fishing was done. Deep sea pearl fishing was done in the Tuticorin harbor right from the 1st century in the ancient Dravidian kingdom of Pandya kings. The fish and the seafood consumption were strong in the early centuries and still continue in Rome and Greece. In ancient Rome and Greece the Royal family diet contained exotic fish varieties. In ancient time onwards fish was consumed in dry and fresh forms. In many parts of the Europe including Italy, Latin American countries mainly Spain and Portugal dry fish is an essential part of their cuisine.

Today fishing industry has a steady graph all over the world. Governments of many countries have taken many measures for the growth of fishing industry. Fishing industry today has three major sectors of commercial fishing, traditional fishing and recreational fishing.

The commercials sector of fishing is termed as Seafood industry. It includes right from the catch of the fish to various process of preserving, storing, transporting fish for selling in the markets. The fish is a product for sale in commercial fishing. In the traditional sector fishermen catch fish in their traditional methods taught by their ancestors. They sell the fish for low rates when compared to commercial fishing. The recreational sector includes people or organizations that do fishing for entertainment purpose or for sports where fishing is not meant for any sale purpose.

It is an admitted fact that fishing is recognized traditional and commercial occupation all over the world and fish products or sea food is the most widely accepted diet by majority of people.

Elliptical Trainer

Exercise is an essential factor in the modern lifestyle. In olden times people used to work that involved physical effort particularly in the field of agriculture. The sports and games during those times also had several physical activities that gave the impact of exercise. Special time was not spent alone for any physical exercise during those times. Later when people started seeking jobs that involved less physical activities the life style also changed to a great extend. The preference was given for government jobs or jobs confined to offices where opportunity for physical activities had lesser possibilities. As a result of lack of exercise or other physical activities due to improved lifestyle with more facilities, the new type of diseases that affect the external and internal process in people began to develop.

The join pains and cardiac problems became a major health related issue in the society. The lack of fluid or cartilage resulted in joint pain and fat deposits in arteries resulted in heart problems. The life style of food intake with large amount of fat and artificial flavors and lack of exercise are the main reasons for grave health related problems. The smooth functions of joints are highly essential for the movements of hands and legs in a human body. The prevention of fats by burning them through the metabolic process is also an equally important aspect of exercise. There are several exercising machines available today for maintaining the body health. People who don’t have enough time to engage in the exercise depend on the exercise machines. One of most important and widely used exercise machines are elliptical trainers. A fitness institution is not complete with an elliptical trainer. The elliptical trainer is used for simulating or enhancing walking and running without causing excess pressure to the body joints and heart functioning. The greatest advantage of elliptical trainer is that it reduces the pressure and pain in the joints reducing the risk of injuries. Even people with minor injuries in legs can use elliptical trainer safely as it reduces the impact of joint pain and helps them to stay fit through body maintaining. Cardio vascular exercise to improve the functioning of heart can be done in elliptical trainer without giving more stress and pressure to the heart

In 1990’s elliptical trainers were introduced in the body fitness market. The compact elliptical models that are widely used today were designed by Larry D Miller for “Precor”. In the year 2004 he patented his invention. He owes his invention to his daughter as he perceived the idea of this machine form her motion of legs. The elliptical trainers have parts works in accordance with the upper and lower body movements even though some machines do not provide upper body components. The working patterns of elliptical trainers are either self powered according to the body movements of the user or the machines that work on power with proper plug INS and power supply. For the power generated elliptical trainers there are specially designed electronic consoles and electric systems.

There are three types of elliptical trainers that are most popularly today. The very first and old elliptical designs are the “rear drive type.” The second generation is the “front drive design”. The current design most widely used is the “centre drive design”.

The elliptical trainers burns the high calories and fat deposit that helps to maintain the body figure and health that is made it the most popular exercise machines all over the world. It is similar to a treadmill that helps in the exertion of leg muscles and the heart.

It is an indisputable fact that elliptical trainers are great aid to the people who wanted to keep fitness without creating any trouble or further complications …

Various Aspects of Dating

Marriage is a very important factor that constitutes a family life. Beyond all regional or linguistic variations marriage is the accepted standard to live together and to have a family by the society. It is considered as the togetherness of two families. In India marriage is considered as a sacrament and in arranged marriages the man and the woman do not get an opportunity to communicate with each other in the olden times. They used to know each other after their marriage. To know each other before the marriage was forbidden in many conservative communities. This was considered as a tradition till recent past. The changes in the world do affect the relationships also. Youngsters today who were educated than their earlier generation have new innovative and open thoughts about the relationships and the concept of marriage. They emphasis on knowing each other before entering in to a life long relationship. They insist on having a courtship with their prospective partner to know the suitability of the relationship.

The definition of dating differs from country to country and culture to culture. Dating has several meaning in relation to both physical and mental attributes between two persons. The evolution of culture form the dark ages to the modern civilized world had gone through substantial changes in the man- woman relationship. It has definite impact in the man-woman relationship if the history is traced back. There are changes at times to an unimaginable degree in the relationship between man and woman due to several factors. The technological advancement, personal liberty, competitive mentality all affects the relationships. The intention to have a distinguished position in the society to a certain level weakens the bond of relationships.

In Europe during the Middle Ages a marriage was considered as business arrangement between families. The likes and dislikes of the partners were not taken into account. Partners who do have the same wave length in the thoughts and actions were compelled to live together for the sake of continuing a family life to have a respectable position in the society. Women suffered mostly in this social condition. Procreation of children and the consideration of family status was their prime concern.

Even though dating has different meanings in different society there are certain positive aspects in dating. The chance or possibility to know the behavior pattern of the spouse to certain extent can be identified during the dating period. There is also the choice of freedom to drop the relationship if the partners find it hard to continue. The dark side of dating is it is mostly done by teenagers rather than partners who intend to get married. The teenagers are usually subject to many types of exploitation including physical, mental and emotional exploitations. Partners with a matured mental condition may not believe in exploiting each other. This may not be plight of partners involved in dating. The intensity of treachery or cheating is higher in dating. The traditional dating is considered as going on public outing by the partners. Today the outing or spending time together has a wide perspective where the nature of relationship may result in bad state that will only create negativity in the mind of the partners.

In western societies dating is advisable to a greater extent where the divorce rate is higher. The technical attitude of dating is if it is found that two persons find that they cant get long together they can end the relation without extending it to a forced arranged married life.

It is not a forgettable fact that the beauty of relationship is in the unconditional love between a man and woman whether it is in dating or in an arranged marriage. Unfortunately dating and marriages are common but unconditional love is an antique piece in the modern world.

Criminology as a Subject of Education to reduce Offences

Society has as set of rules and standards that is pursued by the people for having a disciplined life. The rules and standards create law which is a higher level of discipline. The law helps the people to be conscious about their responsibilities and duties. A citizen of a country must be dutiful towards him and to others. The ultimate aim of a law system is to provide justice and to maintain peaceful life among the people in a society. The welfare of the citizens is the prime concern of a legal system. When there is a breach occurs in the peaceful life by an illegal activity law gives the proper remedy for it through various mode of punishment or warning. When there is a threat to the life of a person through an illegal activity it amounts to crime. A crime occurs when a bodily injury is inflicted on a person by another. This infliction of bodily injury is regarded as criminal act. A person who commits the criminal activity is termed as a criminal. There are broader aspects of crime depends on the intensity of the criminal activity done. Minor injuries that occur from tiff between people are categorized as minor offences. At the same time if a bodily injury results in grievous physical deformity that makes a person unable to live a normal life it is considered as major or serious criminal offences. The most serious criminal activity that renders the capital punishment of death sentence is murder. There are several elements that constitute a criminal activity from a criminal.

A scientific branch of study in the behavior of a criminal is termed as criminology. The circumstances or the various factors that made a criminal to do a crime are thoroughly studied through different scientific process in criminology. Criminology is followed mainly by sociologists, psychiatrists, psychological counselors, social anthropologists, investigating officers and social rehabilitation centres. During mid 18th century and the 20th century the school of thoughts developed the concepts of criminology. The scientific study of nature, cause, result or the extent and depth of a criminal activity done by a criminal was studied carefully in the school of thoughts in a limited scope in the earlier studies. The basics of criminology found in the school of thoughts were developed in various forms in the contemporary criminological studies. The criminology emphasis in the exact elements that constituted the crime. It is found that from the genetics to the social circumstances instigates the person to commit a crime. The psychological factors are the other UN avoidable prominent elements that results in a crime. Sudden provocation and mental disability are the mostly found major characteristics in a criminal. Sociologists and philanthropists give emphasis on the several measures to be taken to reform a criminal abstaining him from doing a criminal activity. People who have committed a crime accidentally without any intention for committing such an offence may be reformed to a certain extent. Several psychological counseling processes are required to reform such people to bring them back to the normal life.

The crimes that occur in a society is prevented by giving the offender the apt punishment that will be an exemplary act and warning that to a certain extent prevents others to commit such crimes. This punishment theory is applicable for heinous crimes committed by an offender. Such a criminal with heinous mentality cannot be reformed through normal psychological aspects. The legislation for giving strict punishments for inhuman criminal activities definitely serves as a serious warning to the anti social elements in a society. A person who commits a crime intentionally does not deserve the sympathy or caring from a society. The most apt theory for heinous criminals is the biblical theory of “Eye for Eye and tooth for tooth.”

Good Craft Works

Human nature always has the quality of finding or creating new things. He is always attracted to new forms and discoveries. His ability to investigate or search resulted in several inventions that always promoted the growth of mankind. The invention of simple safety pins to the mighty space ships is some of the good examples of his craftsman ship. One of the major element that constituted several creations are the imagination. From the thought of a minute idea resulted in great works that still remain as classic works in the history of mankind. The birth of many inventions was the crafting of ideas and thoughts. The basic ingredients required for a craft work is imagination and the skill to recreate the idea in to an object or thing. Many crafts are the result of skilled labor and effort. During the medieval period people began to do certain skilled works as a means of livelihood. The skilled work that required imagination was considered as hobby or past time work in certain sector of people in affluent families while it became sole income source of people in the lower strata of the society. The production of craft materials soon turned to be small scale industries that became the prime source of income of many families. A skilled work is the basic of a good craft work. The person who do the craft work is normally termed as artisans or craft people. Earlier they were known as craft man or craft woman. The profession of an artisan is requires education in the creation of craft like any other profession. Even though the imagination and skill or talent to create a craft art need to be inherent in a person he can improve his work pattern through getting technical education in the making of a craft piece. In a place where the prospective craft man can get the technical education about the different aspects of his work he can be an apprentice until he becomes a skilled person in his work.

Any good craft will speak of its quality if it is done by an expert crafts man. Such good creative work will have the higher demand in the market. The expertise of such work requires extreme talent and hard work. A person who successfully completed his apprentice ship can put up his own shop to display and sell his work. Only by a person who mastered the art of craft with precision and quality can be termed as a master of the craft. The perfection is the main criterion in defining craftsman ship. A talented person with innovative thoughts and ideas can create a quality piece of craft even from a single piece of wood or stick. When this simple piece comes in the hands of a gifted crafts man it will be formed in to different shapes. The figures of deities are often done by good craft man from a simple piece of wood or stone. Only through constant practice and learning skills a good piece of artwork can be obtained form materials that are very common. A craftsman with an intuitive power and imagination combined with the learning skills and practice results in the production of a good craft work.

The first category in the craft is the handicrafts. The making of traditional art pieces by hand work without the help of any machine or mechanism is termed as handicraft. The time spent for the making an art work with skilled labor determines the quality and the value of the art work. Crafts man work in groups is termed as studio craft. A tradesman is a person where his manual labor is required for the production of a craft piece. It is a fact that the dedicated work and talent required in a craft piece makes it a piece of classic work.

Coin Collection as a Hobby

Money is an important factor in the life of people. Ever since man thought of wealth he wanted some solid material that represented the wealth he made. The introduction of coins made a radical change in the society. In ancient time coins were made out from the metals. They had different size and shapes that denoted the value of each coin. People of different sector in the society have hobbies. Some people are interested in the hobby of coin collection. They are very much fascinated by the ancient type of coins that prevailed during the early centuries. The old coin collection is done by people who have an inherent interest in arts and aesthetics. They believe that coins of different eras depict the history of a particular period. Ancient Rome and Mesopotamia had variety of coins that were discovered by historians and archeologists. The rulers of these countries were conscious about engraving their picture or any other symbol that related to their ruling and kingdom. The ancient coins helped archeologists in the research of kings and queens from the pictures that engraved in the coins. During this medieval period scholars and state treasuries took the custody of gold coins other than the rulers. The common man had metal coins particularly copper coins for transactions. Silver and gold coins were the privilege of upper strata of the society.

During the 14th century the coin collection began as a trend among the upper and privileged class. Italian poet and scholar Petrarch is considered as the first known personality who pursued the hobby of coin collection. Till the 17th and 18th century coin collection remained as an exotic class hobby of high class. Some of the famous coin collectors during the medieval period were Emperor Maximilian of the ancient Roman Empire, Louis XIV and Henry IV of France, Pope Boniface VIII was the famous personalities who pursued this hobby. Elector Joachim II of Brandenburg began a coin cabinet that always created the impression that coin collection could be affordable and pursued by the wealthy and influential.

The coin collection was termed as “Hobby of kings”. There was a tremendous change after the industrial revolution that gave a new face to the society. The middle and lower class of people had emerged as new strong class in the society. The coin collection became a common leisurely activity among the middle class. They were eager to show the wealth and influence they have in the society. The 19th and 20th made the coin collection a popular hobby among the common people. The very first convention of coin collectors was held in Detroit in 1962. The American numismatic association and Royal Numismatic association promoted the convention.

The objective behind the coin is different from the nature of persons. Children pursue this hobby for the sake of fun. Most of the coin collectors are collecting coins as a hobby and as apart of curiosity. Profit making is not a criterion for people who consider this activity for mere sake of hobby. Some find coin collection with profit motive and do this with an investment perspective. Some purchase old coins and acts as hoarders. They will sell the rare coins when there is a high demand for huge values.

Coin collection has different disciplined classifications. Country collection is the collection of coins from a single country. Year collection signifies the coins produced during a particular year. Composition collection indicates the metallurgical compositions of coins. Copy collection includes the collection of copy of an existing coin. The coin condition is major criterion that gives suitable grades to the coin collection. Today coin collection is one of the most popular hobbies in the world and termed as “King of Hobbies” form “Hobby of Kings.

Coaching forms the part of our Life

Coaching fundamentally focus on creating a disciplined way of living that is meant for the achievement or success in a particular profession. Another aspect of coaching is the personal development of physical, mental and psychological perspectives. The progress of skills in social and organizational capacity of an individual is conditioned for obtaining best results is done through coaching. A real coaching helps to activate the self motivation in a person convincing him about his positive qualities that ensure more productivity from him in the respective field he is under coaching. Today coaching under different names in different professional fields is an inevitable factor. Corporate firms provide coaching under the term of intern or apprenticeships were the enrolled candidates are given coaching by the seniors or experts in the field. This comes under the professional coaching. Coaching primarily teaches a person about a thing that he doesn’t know. He will be put in to different learning process by the coach to do the thing that is quite new to. Through different process the person will identify the skills he will be able to use and adapt in different situations. The unseen skills and capabilities of a person will be revealed through the process of coaching. A proper coaching gives a person an enlightened vision about his unseen capabilities. The communication skills that are required for the particular profession will be highlighted during the period of coaching. Coaching is also highly beneficial for physical and mentally challenged persons to face the hindrances and crisis in the life like normal people. Through various sessions of coaching the physical or mentally challenged people will get a focus in their life that creates positive energy within them that make them energized for positive and normal life.

There are several types of coaching that serve the purpose of therapies that helps a person to shape his personality and profession. Business coaching, career coaching, financial coaching, personal coaching, health coaching sports coaching, conflict coaching and victimization coaching are some of the coaching imparted today in different sectors of society. Business coaching relates to the human resource development in the corporate and technical field. Business coaching provides the methods to develop and maximize the resources of persons in the business field to extract optimum results. A positives support, recognition, good working ambiance and positive feed back through coaching enhance the quality of people. Financial coaching for financial management, personal coaching for personal growth and executive coaching are part of the corporate sector coaching.

Sports coaching help to develop the mental and physical growth of the players. Health coaching focus on maintenance and perseverance of health against various ill and health related issues. Conflict coaching is related to marital and family issues. Victimization coaching helps the victims of disasters to recuperate their normal life.

Coaching in different aspects improves the life of a person to have a focused positive life with mental, emotional , psychological and physical discipline or control.

History and Manufacturing of Cigars

Man always found ways to relaxation. He indeed indulged in several methods that he claims to have brought him happiness or entertainment. He found certain object that brings him merriment. One such object he found is the cigar. Cigars are manufactured from the tobacco leaves. After several manufacturing process tobacco leaves are rolled in to a cylindrical form that can be ignited for getting the smoke. The evolution of the word is from the Mayan culture. The Mayan word “sikar” means smoking. The use of tobacco for smoking became popular in the year 1730 as per the historical records of cigar smoking. By 19th century cigars became popular through advertisement, pictures and signs. In palaces and affluent families during the 18th and 19th century the cigar rolls had a significant place during auspicious occasions where distinguished guests were invited.

The introduction of tobacco in Europe was by Christopher Columbus. He and his fellow men found the tobacco leaves during his voyage in the year 1492. In the island of Hispaniola the local natives of the island used tobacco leaves. They presented some of tobacco leaves that released a peculiar aroma that was found to be refreshing by Christopher Columbus and his crew members. Later he settled in Cuba and found that tobacco was planted in most parts of Cuba and the natives used to roll it in other leaves and used for smoking. This was the primitive form of cigar smoking. Dried tobacco was rolled in straight forms that spread slight yet strong fragrance when ignited. The fragrance was quite relieving that gave the senses a new refreshing feel. Soon smoking tobacco rolls became popular in Spain, France, Italy and Britain. Earlier the tobacco smoking was commonly used by the sailors during the 16th and 17th century. In Britain during 19th century tobacco pipes were widely used. During the mid 16th century tobacco cultivation began on commercial basis in America. In the 19th century cigar smoking became common and high quality cigars were used in the circle of elite class of people.

The manufacturing of cigars became a profession for several families. Several factories were opened for cigar manufacturing. In the 19th century cigars smoking was an exclusive privilege of men. There were smoking rooms provided for men as recreational facilities. In America and Europe “men’s Hut” was provided for tobacco smoking. Even during the discussions of serious issues smoking a cigar was considered was allowed. King Edward was an ardent lover of tobacco smoking and allowed his guest to smoke during dinners and parties.

The two important stages of cigar manufacturing include curing and fermentation. During curing determines the age of tobacco that takes around 25 to 45 days in sheds or barns where the harvested tobacco to reduce the sugar and water content in the leaves through the combined process of heat and shade. The second stage is the fermentation process where the cured leaves are allowed to dry slowly in controlled temperature and humidity that prevents the rotting of tobacco leaves. When the tobacco leaves mature or age it will be rolled in paper or wrapper that will be used for the production of cigar. A standard quality cigar is handmade. The cigar rolls will be rolled with hands with utmost care by the workers.

The low quality cigars are manufactured form the chopped leaves of tobacco and pulp of the tobacco is used as the wrapper. Today there are two prominent cigar manufacturers the Altadis the worlds largest cigar producer from US. The second largest cigar manufacturer in the world is the Sweedish Match. The company also produces chewing and pipe tobacco.

Even though cigar smoking is considered leisurely activity that gives pleasure and relaxation the addiction of cigar is result in several health problems that may bring in grave diseases. Once cigar smoking was also considered as evil but the popularity of cigar smoking reduced its negative aspects to a great extent.

Candle Making

Light is an inevitable factor in all celebrations. Lights in many forms are important in all functions especially in religious functions. People all over the world use light in many mediums. Light from firewood, oil lamps, candles to the electric bulbs and tubes are different forms of light. It is a unanimously accepted fact that the purpose of light from any source is to get rid the darkness. In several religions lamps and candles are used as symbol that erase away the darkness and evil. Candles are most widely used all over the world. In several denominations in the Christian religion candles are used for worshiping in cathedrals and churches. During the celebration of Christmas and Easter candles are an unavoidable factor for the Christian community.

Candle making is a source of livelihood for people in different parts of the world. In some parts it is established as small scale industry. Large scale production of candle is also done in huge factories. Candles in different size shape and colors are manufactured in small scale and large scale industry.

The source of the candle making is not clearly stated in the history. It is traced back as candle making evolved as by the passage of time through different sources as an answer to the quest of man to create light to get rid the darkness.  Some of the reliable sources relates to the history of candle making states that in china during the reign of Qin Dynasty between 221- 206 BC candles were made from whale fat. Till the early middle ages in Africa, Middle East and some part of the Europe depended on the oil lamps made from olive oils. In 1850 candles made from tallow and beeswax was invented in a primitive form and shape. Later ingredients made from purified animal fats, spermaceti, and paraffin wax was introduced.

Till the middle of the 19th century and in the beginning of 20th century candles were mainly used a source of light in houses and palaces. With the introduction kerosene lamps and electricity and the use of electric bulbs began to be widely used. This made the decline of candle usage from the 20th century. Usage of candles restrained for decorative and religious purposes. Before the 15th century candles made out form the tallow emanated unpleasant smell that made a ban on candles made out from tallow in the 15th century. In Parris the first candle mould was introduced in the 15th century.

B 18th century the first odorless candles made from spermaceti, the wax made from the sperm whale wax was introduced that was hugely accepted for its brightness and low odor. The spermaceti wax was considered as the first standard wax.

In the year 1834 Joseph Morgan began the manufacture and industrialization of candles.

He introduced a mechanism were molded candles were ejected when it is solidified from the candle mold. There were 1500 candles were produced at an hour that made easy production and distribution of candle for the customers. Earlier the candle wicks were simply twisted in the melting wax and allowed to solidify in the candle molds. Later different colors were added to the melted wax in the mold. Another development in the candle making was the introduction of tightly braided wicks that made the candles to burn more time than the twisted wicks candles.

Even though several advances were introduced in the candle making the demand for the candles reduced with the wide use of electric lamps today. Candles became a decorative piece used for functions and celebrations. Today there are candles in different size and shape are available and scented and floating candles in water is also widely available. Even with lesser demand candle making is a daily source of income of families all over the world.

Need for Breast Feeding Babies

The first food of a baby of human beings and other mammals is the breast milk of the mother. Breast milk is not merely a food for survival of infants. It creates a life long relation and bonding of love between the mother and the child. Proper breast feeding provides mental health of a baby through out every stages of his growth. Babies breast fed with care by their mothers are physically and mentally strong in their child hood when compared to other babies who were not given proper breast feeding. Another advantage of breast feeding is the immunity given through the breast feeding prevents several diseases that may affect the infants.  Within one hour after the birth the baby should be breast fed. It is always advisable to breast feed the baby up to the age of two, after two years depending on the requirements of the baby and the health condition of the mother breast feeding may be continued up to an appropriate age of the baby.

In ancient times breast feeding was considered as an activity of a women belonged to lower class. In Western Europe noble women used to employ wet nurses to feed the infants in the royal families. Feeding own baby was never accepted as a class activity by the women in the royal families. At the same time women belonged to lower class always breast fed their own babies and only at any situation when the mother cant breast fed the baby due to ill health wet nurses were appointed to feed the baby. In the 19th century westerners considered breast feeding as a mean low class and cultureless activity. In Rome, Greece and Egypt women used to breast feed their own babies and feeding some other’s babies were considered as a mean activity. This negative attitude towards the breast feeding considerably changed after Second World War.

 The benefits of breast milk began to be propagated through several organizations in the health care field.  The human breast milk has several components that are still not fully identified that promote immune and stamina for the babies. It is found that nutrient content in the breast milk is stable with several components. The amount of fat, sugar, protein and water is in the right proportion. The basic nutrients found in the breast milk are the nutrients that are stored by the body form the mother’s blood stream. These nutrients are the essential factors that promote mental and physical health development and growth.  These components change as per the nursing requirements of the baby and the age of the baby the nursing is done.

Great immunity against serious diseases that affect the infant is reduced with breast feeding. Botulism, ear and respiratory infections, internal infections, sudden infant death, digestive diseases, urinary tract infection and ulcerative colitis is lower in infants who is breast fed for long period. The breast milk acts as the protective shield against these chronic diseases. Another important advantage of breast milk feeding is it develops the cognitive functions of an infant. The first breast milk created for babies is the colostrums by the body contain antibodies that fight against bacteria that are found in new born.

There are other benefits for the breast feeding mother that enhances the health long term health benefits. Breast feeding reduces the risk of breast cancer, coronary heart diseases, endometrial cancer, metabolic syndrome, post partum bleeding, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoporosis and obesity.

Breast feeding is indeed proven that it is not only beneficial for the baby but also beneficial for the mother. Above all other physical benefits the bond between the mother and the child will be life long and no other artificial food can replace the value of mother’s milk.


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