Entertainment is an indispensable part of human life. Leisure time that gives peace and calm to the stressful mind of a person has become a rare factor in the modern world. Many people spent their leisure time engaged in several activities that bring pleasure and peace. There are several art forms people choose as their leisurely activity that provide them entertainment and knowledge at the same time. Dance is an art form that gives enjoyment and knowledge to the viewer and the performer. A dance is defined as the rhythmic body movements with the accompaniment of music. Dance is not confined to a particular area or among certain class of people. Different people with different cultures have dance forms. Variety of dance forms is seen in different countries. Dance is basically an expression of thoughts and emotions through actions. A narration of a story is conveyed through dance. The action involved in a dance form has definite meaning through which a story is narrated. Dance is always considered as a form of communication. This non verbal communication is quite common among animals. Bee dance is a best example of non verbal communication among bees to attract their opposite genders.
The origin of dance forms is not easy to be traced. It is believed to be evolved with the origin of human cultures. The earlier forms of dances were mainly done for narrating myths that were predominant in early human civilization and cultures. There are different genres of dance subjected to different cultures. An African traditional dance is different from Indian traditional dance due to the cultural variations. It is not essential that a story need to be narrated through a dance forms. Mere co ordination of gestures also forms a dance. The gestures gave a relaxation to the body and mind of the performer through the rhythmic body movements. Some coordinated gestures are symbolic. Dance is always considered as part of rituals or ceremonies in different communities. There are several countries were dance forms are indispensable part of celebrations and entertainment.
In India traditional classical dance forms are considered as divine. Lord Shiva or Nataraja is depicted as the deity of dance art forms. It is believed that dance evolved as a means to depict the celestial world or the story of gods according to the Hindu Mythology. According to the Natya sastra or the code for performing classical dance an Indian traditional classical dance is performed through Mudras or specific symbolic actions along with the music. Classical dance in India is considered as the superior dance forms against the traditional folk dances or other dance forms relate to the ceremonies or rituals performed by native communities. The dispute regarding the superiority of classical dance and other traditional dance forms is never ending even till date.
The classifications of dance forms are done globally on the basis of solo dance, partner dance and group dance. The solo performance is done by a single performer, partner dance include performers from opposite gender or same gender and group dance involve main dancers and supporting dancers. Group dances are mainly performed for religious ceremonies and celebrations.
There are several aspects and occupation connected with various dance form. Dance teaching institutions, dance teachers and dance therapist are the dance related occupations. Different types of dance forms are taught by different dance tutors. Choreography is method of setting dance steps and the person who does the choreography is termed as choreographer in the contemporary dance world.
Among the diverse factors in the performance of dance forms, it is an indisputable fact that a good dance performance is not limited by any cultural or linguistic barriers that impart ultimate entertainment to the viewers.