Hair from time immemorial onwards considered as a parameter of beauty. All over the world in the midst of diverse cultures and tradition the concept of human beauty essentially include beautiful hair. Long lustrous hair is always an attractive feature of women. From the ancient pictures women with long hair is portrayed as exceptional beauties. During the ancient period men and women had long hair that is mentioned in many religious texts and old pictures. Several methods for hair growth and enhancement of the beauty of the hair were invented form ancient time onwards that is quite evident for the importance given by the people for beautiful hair. Due to the importance given for healthy hair, from the very beginning of hair falling process annoys many people particularly women.
Hair fall occurs due to several reasons in a person. One of the most important reasons of the hair loss or hair falling is the lack of nutrition. The new aged stressed life style gives big pressure to the people that will affect in the health condition of human body. Hair fall is considered as the first symptom of loss of immunity or internal organ problems. The hair fall is scientifically termed as alopecia. Alopecia literally means loss of hair from head or body. Alopecia is commonly known as baldness. Men are mainly affected by alopecia. In men baldness occur in the temple and crown area. Most or total hair in this area will be fallen out or thin away in many cases leaving patches or skin lesions. In females hair loss appears at the frontal and parietal regions. The hair fall in men occur normally in the middle ages. A person who is at late thirties or early forties is subject to alopecia when the hair growth reaches at its end cycle or at the resting phase. The resting phase of the hair is known as exogen. If new hair starts to grow from the hair follicles the hair growth will enter in a new cycle. On the other hand if no new hair growth occurs it results in baldness or alopecia. Apart from the resting cycle of the hair there are several other factors that promote the hair fall or alopecia. Stressed life style, junk food, alcoholism, cigarette smoking, intake of drugs, diseases like diabetes, chemical hair treatments, hormonal changes, malnutrition, thyroid, chemotherapy radiation therapy, scalp and fungal infections, hereditary disorders, chronic information and hormonal changes are some of the major causes that trigger alopecia. Even though these are common causes for alopecia in male and female, the formation of cyst or fibroid, diseases related to uterus and ovaries in female results in severe hair loss. Another main reason for alopecia is the climatic changes and pollution. The extreme dryness in the hair roots also cause alopecia.
There are constant researches conducted for ascertaining the reason for hair fall. In the year 2009 researches in Japan identified the gene that is the exact cause for the hair fall in human beings. Today there are several methods of treatments are available for preventing the hair loss even though no absolute treatment is yet discovered for the complete cure for alopecia. Minoxidil is the medicated treatment where it is in the liquid foam is rubbed to the affected area twice a day that will have an effective control over the hair loss. Finasteride is a tablet or pill that is to be taken twice a day internally by men and not recommended for women and pregnant women. Egg oil is used as a traditional oil to be applied externally to the affected area. Hair transplants and hormonal modulators are the other recommended alternatives for alopecia. The most commonly used alternatives are the wigs that are used by men and women alike.
Hair loss definitely affects the confidence level in a person and if proper care is taken at an early age hair loss may be controlled to a great extent.