Human nature always has the quality of finding or creating new things. He is always attracted to new forms and discoveries. His ability to investigate or search resulted in several inventions that always promoted the growth of mankind. The invention of simple safety pins to the mighty space ships is some of the good examples of his craftsman ship. One of the major element that constituted several creations are the imagination. From the thought of a minute idea resulted in great works that still remain as classic works in the history of mankind. The birth of many inventions was the crafting of ideas and thoughts. The basic ingredients required for a craft work is imagination and the skill to recreate the idea in to an object or thing. Many crafts are the result of skilled labor and effort. During the medieval period people began to do certain skilled works as a means of livelihood. The skilled work that required imagination was considered as hobby or past time work in certain sector of people in affluent families while it became sole income source of people in the lower strata of the society. The production of craft materials soon turned to be small scale industries that became the prime source of income of many families. A skilled work is the basic of a good craft work. The person who do the craft work is normally termed as artisans or craft people. Earlier they were known as craft man or craft woman. The profession of an artisan is requires education in the creation of craft like any other profession. Even though the imagination and skill or talent to create a craft art need to be inherent in a person he can improve his work pattern through getting technical education in the making of a craft piece. In a place where the prospective craft man can get the technical education about the different aspects of his work he can be an apprentice until he becomes a skilled person in his work.
Any good craft will speak of its quality if it is done by an expert crafts man. Such good creative work will have the higher demand in the market. The expertise of such work requires extreme talent and hard work. A person who successfully completed his apprentice ship can put up his own shop to display and sell his work. Only by a person who mastered the art of craft with precision and quality can be termed as a master of the craft. The perfection is the main criterion in defining craftsman ship. A talented person with innovative thoughts and ideas can create a quality piece of craft even from a single piece of wood or stick. When this simple piece comes in the hands of a gifted crafts man it will be formed in to different shapes. The figures of deities are often done by good craft man from a simple piece of wood or stone. Only through constant practice and learning skills a good piece of artwork can be obtained form materials that are very common. A craftsman with an intuitive power and imagination combined with the learning skills and practice results in the production of a good craft work.
The first category in the craft is the handicrafts. The making of traditional art pieces by hand work without the help of any machine or mechanism is termed as handicraft. The time spent for the making an art work with skilled labor determines the quality and the value of the art work. Crafts man work in groups is termed as studio craft. A tradesman is a person where his manual labor is required for the production of a craft piece. It is a fact that the dedicated work and talent required in a craft piece makes it a piece of classic work.
Light is an inevitable factor in all celebrations. Lights in many forms are important in all functions especially in religious functions. People all over the world use light in many mediums. Light from firewood, oil lamps, candles to the electric bulbs and tubes are different forms of light. It is a unanimously accepted fact that the purpose of light from any source is to get rid the darkness. In several religions lamps and candles are used as symbol that erase away the darkness and evil. Candles are most widely used all over the world. In several denominations in the Christian religion candles are used for worshiping in cathedrals and churches. During the celebration of Christmas and Easter candles are an unavoidable factor for the Christian community.
Candle making is a source of livelihood for people in different parts of the world. In some parts it is established as small scale industry. Large scale production of candle is also done in huge factories. Candles in different size shape and colors are manufactured in small scale and large scale industry.
The source of the candle making is not clearly stated in the history. It is traced back as candle making evolved as by the passage of time through different sources as an answer to the quest of man to create light to get rid the darkness. Some of the reliable sources relates to the history of candle making states that in china during the reign of Qin Dynasty between 221- 206 BC candles were made from whale fat. Till the early middle ages in Africa, Middle East and some part of the Europe depended on the oil lamps made from olive oils. In 1850 candles made from tallow and beeswax was invented in a primitive form and shape. Later ingredients made from purified animal fats, spermaceti, and paraffin wax was introduced.
Till the middle of the 19th century and in the beginning of 20th century candles were mainly used a source of light in houses and palaces. With the introduction kerosene lamps and electricity and the use of electric bulbs began to be widely used. This made the decline of candle usage from the 20th century. Usage of candles restrained for decorative and religious purposes. Before the 15th century candles made out form the tallow emanated unpleasant smell that made a ban on candles made out from tallow in the 15th century. In Parris the first candle mould was introduced in the 15th century.
B 18th century the first odorless candles made from spermaceti, the wax made from the sperm whale wax was introduced that was hugely accepted for its brightness and low odor. The spermaceti wax was considered as the first standard wax.
In the year 1834 Joseph Morgan began the manufacture and industrialization of candles.
He introduced a mechanism were molded candles were ejected when it is solidified from the candle mold. There were 1500 candles were produced at an hour that made easy production and distribution of candle for the customers. Earlier the candle wicks were simply twisted in the melting wax and allowed to solidify in the candle molds. Later different colors were added to the melted wax in the mold. Another development in the candle making was the introduction of tightly braided wicks that made the candles to burn more time than the twisted wicks candles.
Even though several advances were introduced in the candle making the demand for the candles reduced with the wide use of electric lamps today. Candles became a decorative piece used for functions and celebrations. Today there are candles in different size and shape are available and scented and floating candles in water is also widely available. Even with lesser demand candle making is a daily source of income of families all over the world.