Ever since the history of man kind his desire to communicate with his fellow beings was inherent in him. Many historical evidences state that his first attempt for communication was made through the making of noises. He made sounds that carried specific meaning that was understood by his fellow members. The voices he made were the early form of language. Language is simply defined as a mode of communication. Language had undergone several evolutions. The distinctive feature of the evolution of language is that it had happened in many parts of the world even though one language was different from the other. The many languages today spoken and written all over the world are different from one another but still they are effectively used for communication all over the world. According to the statistics there are more 7,000 languages spoken all over the world.
Language in a wider aspect is defined as, “the human capacity of acquiring knowledge and using complex systems of communication.” The word language derives form the Latin word, “ lingua”, means language or tongue. Language also owes its origin to the old French word, “langage” means a specific language system. The study of language is known as linguistics. In linguistics language is studied on two basic concepts. According to the linguistics language has two basic meanings, the abstract concept and the specific linguistic system. The definitions regarding the language also have diverse nature apart from admitting the fact that language is essential for communication in any form, either in written or in the oral form.
The reference on the language of the pre historic man is not having any proper clarifications according to the historians. But many historians arrive at a common point regarding the advent of language is that man began imitating the voices produced by the animals. He understood that communication is possible through specific actions or sounds. He even used the sounds of several objects for communication. Later from the mere imitation of sounds like the animals man began to develop unique form of language pattern through the centuries. The human language began to acquire unique grammar and semantics that was quite different from the communication between the animals. The sounds he made later became words and sentences that carried specific meaning for communication.
Many historians state that human language is purely based on dual code. Dual code of language works in humans when countless number of sounds or gestures create unit of words or sentences that give meaning. After sounds and gestures human beings began to use symbols that gave the language the written form. Soon the use of language was used for pragmatic and interactive objectives. Language became prominent in effective communication in the socio-linguistic perspective. Universally language became an effective tool and factor even though it has diverse characteristics for communication. Human languages are quite distinct for its use for cognitive purposes. The frame work of language is used for cognitive functions with the language having meaning in every aspect for conveying the thoughts and ideas of a person. The language is said to be effective when it is properly communicated. The speech or the written form language has become the most powerful way of communication.
Today the communications of language are effective through different modes particularly through the audio and visual media. The blind are using the Braille system with specific codes for communication. The people who are having speech or hearing disability have specially developed sign language for communication. Even though there are different type of languages in the world another remarkable feature of any language is that it can be acquired or learned by people.
In the olden times or modern era a world without language is beyond the imagination of every human being.