Category Archives: Manufacturing

Distributed Manufacturing and its Importance

Distributed Manufacturing is 1 amongst top 10 technologies of 2015 which is highlighted by World Economic Forum’s Meta-Council on Emerging Technologies. Distributed Manufacturing distributes products. In traditional and old manufacturing, there is bringing together of raw materials, they are then fabricated and assembled in centralized large factories to finished identical products after which they are conducted customer distribution. In distributed manufacturing fabrication ways and raw materials are decentralized and end product is made very near to final consumer.

Distributed Manufacturing idea is replacing possible amounts of supply material chain with digital information. For manufacturing chairs, inspite of wood sourcing and chair fabrication in central factory, there is digital plan cutting of chair parts that are distributed to hubs of local manufacturing by usage of cutting computerized tools called CNC routers. Parts are conducted consumer assembling or fabrication workshops locally which turn then to end product. 1 company which use the model is At FAB that is US Furniture Company.

 Present uses of distributed manufacturing heavily relies on DIY “maker movement”. Here enthusiasts use own 3D local printers and in turn manufacture products out of materials locally present. Elements of thinking open-source are present where consumers conduct product customization to own preferences and needs. In place of being driven centrally, design creative element is more crowd sourced and products takes character evolutionarily as more consumer become involved in producing and visualizing them.

Distributed manufacturing enables more resource efficient usage expectation with lesser capacity wasted in factories that are centralized. It conducts barrier lowering to entry of market by reduction of capital amount needed for building 1st products and prototypes. Great importance factor is that there is reduction of environmental overall manufacturing impact. Digital information has shipment over web instead of products physically over rails, roads or ships. Raw materials are locally sourced by reduction of energy amount needed for transportation.

In case this becomes widespread too much, distributed manufacturing disrupts economics and labour markets of traditional and old manufacturing. It has risks. It can be difficult to control and regulate medical manufactured remotely devices. Products like weapons are dangerous or illegal. All things cannot be made by distributed manufacturing. Therefore old, traditional supply chains and manufacturing still needs to be maintained for numerous complex and important consumer goods.

Advantages of Distributed Manufacturing are: To manufacture items close to end destination. By this we reduce impact environmentally and logistic cost. This reduces time from producing to sales. To leverage expertise of large remote network. By this you cut off limitations such as cost of employees working for full time and location factors.  No one is present in world with better work experience on project. Not to make permanent investment in amenities supply manufacturing chain is provide with agility factors. This is very necessary in present day business. Industry should be able to contract and expand their infrastructure at speeds lightning for surviving and staying competitive in waves of economy. In model, there is possibility of distributing workloads across numerous suppliers.

Failure on production line only is disastrous. This is lesser if failure is there on production line out of 10, there is one. Manufacturers have ability of supporting numerous small economies by distribution of the factories. In case selling in location, it is sensible both moral-wise and financial-wise to support economy local. Outsourcing to numerous small amenities in turn allows making usage of experts existing. Many large lines of production develop in house ways but it takes investment and time significantly. To open up supply chain to network there is usage of capacity excess. Numerous factories in US operate at far lesser capacity. Opportunity of filling spare space is lots worth-of, therefore strong discounts.

Importance of Additive Manufacturing –its Process and Principles

Additive Manufacturing means process by usage of which 3D digital designed data has been used for building up of component in layers by material deposition. Term “3D printing” is same as Additive Manufacturing. Latter is more correct. It is production professional technique that is distinguished clearly from methods conventional of removal of material. Here there is building up of components layer-wise by usage of materials that is present in fine powdery form. Numerous ranged plastics, composite materials and metals are used.

This technology is applied especially in conjunction to Rapid Prototyping which is functional and illustrative prototype construction. It is increasingly used in Series Production. It provides OEMs (Original Equipment Manufacturers) in various industry sectors opportunity of creation of profile distinctively for themselves on basis of cost-saving potentiality, ability of meeting goals sustained and new benefits of customers.

Importance:

Additive Manufacturing strength lies in area in which manufacturing conventionally reach limitation. Technology is an interesting factor where new manufacturing and designing approaches are needed for coming up along with solutions. This enables manufacturing process that is driven by designing in which designing provides determination to producing factors and not other way round.  This technology allows high complex structures that are stable and light extremely. This provides freedom of designing to high degree, manufacturing of batches of small size at costs reasonable, product customization of high degree in serial production and integration and optimization of features functionally.

Additive Manufacturing techniques finds application from 1980s in rapid prototyping, product development, manufacturing specialized and data visualization. Their production expansion like mass production, distributed manufacturing and job production is under development since decades. Roles of industrial production inside industries of metal working have achieved scale significantly for 1st time in 2010 early. At beginning of 21st century there is tremendous growth in AM machines sales and prices have dropped. Numerous applications of technologies are construction (AEC), architecture, food, education, biotech (human tissue replacement), medical and dental industries, footwear, eyewear, geographic information system, jewellery, and industrial design, aerospace, automotive, fashion, engineering and military.

Process:

In Extrusion type, technologies are Fused Filament Fabrication (FFF), Robocasting and Fused Deposition Modelling (FDM). In Wire type, technology is EBF3 (Electron Beam Freeform Fabrication). In Granular type, technologies are EBM (Electron-beam melting), SLM (Selective laser melting), DMLS (Direct metal laser sintering), SLS (Selective laser sintering) and SHS (Selective heat sintering). In Laminated type, technology is LOM (Laminated object manufacturing) and in Light polymerised type, technology is DLP (Digital Light Processing).

Principle:

System begins by application of thin powdered layer material to platform of building. Laser beam that is powerful fuses powder at points exactly defined by component that is computer-generated and designed data. Then there is lowering of platform and application of other powder layer is followed. Then again there is fusing of material such that there is bonding of layer below points predefined. As per used materials there is manufacturing of components by usage of stereo lithography, 3D printing or laser sintering. EOS Additive Manufacturing Technology has been based on sintering of lasers and it has come to picture since 20 years.

3D modelling: 3D models of printing are created with CAD (computer aided design) package or through digital camera or by photogrammetry software or through 3D scanner. Manual process of modelling for preparation of geometric data for graphics of 3D computer is same to sculpting plastic arts. 3D scanning is collecting and analysing process of digital data on appearance and shape of real object. On basis of this 3D models of object scanned can be produced.

Printing: 3D printer provides following of instructions of G-code for laying down successively liquid layer, paper, or powder for building model from series of sections crossed.


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