The education is one of the important factors that laid the foundation for the progress of human beings in the society in every aspect. The education system had given ample contribution in every civilization and culture. Even though the methods of education vary from one another the main objective of education is to impart knowledge. There are several historical evidences that show the importance of education during the early centuries. People were curious in acquisition of knowledge from scholars or masters. During ancient times master used to teach in a selected place where they taught group of people. These were the earlier form of schools. The necessity of education was realized during the middle of 17th and 18th century. Schooling and its importance were begun to be realized in a wider aspect by people of every class in a society. The power of knowledge was recognized by every one and education became the priority of people in every society. Soon schooling from a young age became an inevitable factor to lead a cultured and civilized life. Several schools were established where students were taught by teachers in various subjects. The unique feature of Indian system of education was the students had to live with their teachers till the completion of their course. Ancient universities in India promoted this type of educational system.
In many parts of the world particularly in the western countries the education system flourished through schools where teachers and tutors taught students. Formal school settings were began to be established. The elementary education became a compulsory criterion for formal education. Even though formal education intended for everyone, during the early phase of 17th and 18th century children belonged to the elite class were tutored at home. The royal families entrusted private tutors to teach children and other royal family members. In some affluent families learned elderly members taught other members and children. This was the very first concept of home schooling. During the 18th century majority of the European people were devoid of formal schooling. Most of them preferred and practiced the home tutoring or home schooling in the comforts of their homely atmosphere. By 19th century public schooling became a recognized popular practice in imparting education. During 1960’s public school movement had to face oppositions from the people who preferred home schooling. According to them formal schooling ruined or was harmful for the children as it affects their effectiveness and potential socially, physically and mentally. They argued that the unique thought process of a child is adversely affected by the group educational system at school. In 1960, Rousas John Rushdoony began to oppose public school system and strongly advocated the home schooling system. He became an apostle of home schooling and became a strong witness in Home School Legal Defense Association in court cases. Soon home schooling got a legal exception or option in many of the developed countries where the parents can give home schooling for their children as an alternative education system.
Home schooling is more effective for children who are specially challenged where they get more attention and preference unlike public schools. Several statistics and research show that home trained children are equally or at times more competent than the students who got standardized education from conventional schooling systems. Home schooling is also considered as parenting style. In remote place or rural areas home schooling is more beneficial than the school system. Today home schooling is popular like e- learning courses. It practiced not only by the specially challenged students but also by the students who wanted to have education in a different aspect. One of the basic problems faced by home schooled students is at the time of higher education or at the time of college entrance. More specifications need to be clarified by as home tutored student in the admission formalities in higher education.
Even among these odds home school is a boon to students who can’t afford today’s expensive education systems.