Category Archives: Textile

Proper Clothing is Essential for Human Being

One of the basic essentials of man is clothing. Today clothing is an important factor in a everybody’s life. The history of clothing can be traced back to the history of man. During pre historic age man used the bark and leaves of the trees as the clothing. But the real origin of clothing cannot be easily defined. Some historians quote that clothing was invented and used for more than 650 thousand years ago. Another theory states that clothes existed between 42,000 and 72,000 BP. It is again recorded by the historians and archeologists state that the primitive form of clothes include fur, leather and even grass were used as clothing. Later sewing needles made from bone and ivory were found in Russia in the year 1988 and the age of the needles traced back to 30,000 BC. The exact period of origin of clothing is yet to be resolved according to the scientists and archeologists. Even though there is dispute regarding the origin of clothing it was quite evident that man used different type of materials as clothing.

The objective of clothing is to protect the human body form extreme climatic conditions. It also reflects the culture and tradition of different societies. Mainly the clothing depends on geographical and climatic conditions. It helps the human body from the extreme heat from the sun, wind and extreme cold. Clothing form head to toe in a hot and cold terrain protects the body from the extreme heat and cold. Clothing of most of the regions is based on gender division and religious practices. Protection from all odd situations for the human body is the basic purpose of clothing. In addition to the protective factor of clothing it provides dignity and mark the individual style of a person wearing it. One of main difference in clothing is between the occupational clothing and religious clothing. Certain religions religious heads wear dress with specific dress code that conveys their rank or status in the religion.

There is a wide variety of clothing indifferent regions subject to historical, geographical and climatic conditions. People in the arctic, Antarctic regions and extreme cold regions wear clothes of fur, leather and skin of the animals. People in the hottest regions wear loose and light clothes that allow plenty of air flow.

Before the industrial revolution hand woven clothes were widely used. After industrial revolution textile industry emerged and mechanized form of fabric and cloth making became profession of several people. The fabrics are designed according to the need of the people. Some clothes are intended to drape and some others need special patterns and style. The cutting and sewing of the cloth is another important aspect of garment making. Today the fashion industry depends on the new style and fashion of clothing. Many fashion designers are inspired by the traditional or historical used by people in the Victorian era. Victorian era had given great contributions to the clothing industry. During that period people began to be conscious about their appearances. New patterns and styles were created and some of them were classic that is still an inspiration to the modern fashion designers.

Today garment making factories produce clothes of different varieties that include western, traditional and regional style of clothing. The future of fashion in garments or clothing is always subject to new trends and changes that mark the growth of the clothing industry in high graph all the time. Laundry, ironing and storage of the clothing come in the maintenance aspect of garments. The recycling option of clothing is a remarkable feature where the used garments are reused in other forms. A world without clothing or garment is beyond imagination in the modern world.

Carpets Making

It is an amazing factor that a piece of decorative cloth in different size and shape add beauty to living room or place. The carpets have most important place in the palaces and houses in the Middle East regions. The carpets are used for religious purposes particularly in the prayers in churches and mosques. The earlier versions of carpet were rugs. The rugs with particular length and breadth were used as seats for prayers in mosques and churches. In the palaces and in affluent families decorated carpets are used. A carpet has different size and shape from single piece of thick cloth to larger one with different colors and embroidery.

The carpet was begun to be used in the 18th century in European nations. The floors or the interiors of the palaces and mansions were decorated with carpets with elaborate embroidery works and other patterns. During auspicious occasions carpets were used in many ordinary houses to mansion for welcoming respectable guests. The red carpets are always used in diplomatic functions between nations. It is always considered as an honor to the guests to walk on the red carpet. The famous personalities and head of the nations are given the privilege of red carpet.

The main difference between carpet and cloth is that the carpet has an upper layer unlike simple cloth. The upper layer is termed as pile. The pile is always attached to the backing or a support cloth. The pile is normally made from wool or fibers like poly propylene, polyester and nylon. In cold regions the carpet with woolen pile is widely used in houses and in other places. There are two types of pile that is used in carpets. The plush carpet has cut pile and Berber carpet uses loop pile. These are used in traditional woven carpets. The woven carpets are considered to be the most expensive category due to its gradual manufacturing process. These carpets require longer time than the synthetic carpet making. The woven carpets use manual labor that includes intricate woven designs done by the hard work of carpet weavers. Different color combinations are used with intricate designs and patterns. In woven carpet cut and loop carpet technique is used. The manufacturing of these hand woven carpets might take several months of careful effort of the weavers. Multi colored yarns are used for making different color combinations.

In needle felt carpet different individual synthetic fibers are used through forked and barbed needles.  These types of carpets are used in market places and hotels. These are less expensive than hand woven carpets.

The famous Kashmir carpets are hand knotted carpets. The hand knotted carpets are also known as supplementary weft cut loop pile carpet. In oriental carpet and rugs hand knotting process is followed. The popular hand knotted carpets were known as shags during 1970’s.

The normal floor covering or domestic carpets are done in tufted process. The tufted carpets have a secondary backing that provides extra stability and durability for rough usage and domestic purposes.

There are several other varieties of carpets that include flat weave carpet. In flat weave carpet itself there are different types of carpet. The oriental flat woven and European flat woven carpets are the two major categories of flat woven carpet. The oriental flat woven carpet includes varieties like soumak, plain weave, kilim and tapestry weaves.

The Venetian, list, damask and Dutch are the varieties that come under European flat woven carpets.

The hooked rug comes as handicraft carpet. There are other carpets that denote its origin of the country like Indian, Pakistani, Chinese, Afghan and Turkish carpets that reflects the tradition and culture of the countries in designs.

The beautiful carpet is always a valuable possession to its owner and means for the carpet weavers.


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