One of the basic essentials of man is clothing. Today clothing is an important factor in a everybody’s life. The history of clothing can be traced back to the history of man. During pre historic age man used the bark and leaves of the trees as the clothing. But the real origin of clothing cannot be easily defined. Some historians quote that clothing was invented and used for more than 650 thousand years ago. Another theory states that clothes existed between 42,000 and 72,000 BP. It is again recorded by the historians and archeologists state that the primitive form of clothes include fur, leather and even grass were used as clothing. Later sewing needles made from bone and ivory were found in Russia in the year 1988 and the age of the needles traced back to 30,000 BC. The exact period of origin of clothing is yet to be resolved according to the scientists and archeologists. Even though there is dispute regarding the origin of clothing it was quite evident that man used different type of materials as clothing.
The objective of clothing is to protect the human body form extreme climatic conditions. It also reflects the culture and tradition of different societies. Mainly the clothing depends on geographical and climatic conditions. It helps the human body from the extreme heat from the sun, wind and extreme cold. Clothing form head to toe in a hot and cold terrain protects the body from the extreme heat and cold. Clothing of most of the regions is based on gender division and religious practices. Protection from all odd situations for the human body is the basic purpose of clothing. In addition to the protective factor of clothing it provides dignity and mark the individual style of a person wearing it. One of main difference in clothing is between the occupational clothing and religious clothing. Certain religions religious heads wear dress with specific dress code that conveys their rank or status in the religion.
There is a wide variety of clothing indifferent regions subject to historical, geographical and climatic conditions. People in the arctic, Antarctic regions and extreme cold regions wear clothes of fur, leather and skin of the animals. People in the hottest regions wear loose and light clothes that allow plenty of air flow.
Before the industrial revolution hand woven clothes were widely used. After industrial revolution textile industry emerged and mechanized form of fabric and cloth making became profession of several people. The fabrics are designed according to the need of the people. Some clothes are intended to drape and some others need special patterns and style. The cutting and sewing of the cloth is another important aspect of garment making. Today the fashion industry depends on the new style and fashion of clothing. Many fashion designers are inspired by the traditional or historical used by people in the Victorian era. Victorian era had given great contributions to the clothing industry. During that period people began to be conscious about their appearances. New patterns and styles were created and some of them were classic that is still an inspiration to the modern fashion designers.
Today garment making factories produce clothes of different varieties that include western, traditional and regional style of clothing. The future of fashion in garments or clothing is always subject to new trends and changes that mark the growth of the clothing industry in high graph all the time. Laundry, ironing and storage of the clothing come in the maintenance aspect of garments. The recycling option of clothing is a remarkable feature where the used garments are reused in other forms. A world without clothing or garment is beyond imagination in the modern world.