Distributed Manufacturing is 1 amongst top 10 technologies of 2015 which is highlighted by World Economic Forum’s Meta-Council on Emerging Technologies. Distributed Manufacturing distributes products. In traditional and old manufacturing, there is bringing together of raw materials, they are then fabricated and assembled in centralized large factories to finished identical products after which they are conducted customer distribution. In distributed manufacturing fabrication ways and raw materials are decentralized and end product is made very near to final consumer.
Distributed Manufacturing idea is replacing possible amounts of supply material chain with digital information. For manufacturing chairs, inspite of wood sourcing and chair fabrication in central factory, there is digital plan cutting of chair parts that are distributed to hubs of local manufacturing by usage of cutting computerized tools called CNC routers. Parts are conducted consumer assembling or fabrication workshops locally which turn then to end product. 1 company which use the model is At FAB that is US Furniture Company.
Present uses of distributed manufacturing heavily relies on DIY “maker movement”. Here enthusiasts use own 3D local printers and in turn manufacture products out of materials locally present. Elements of thinking open-source are present where consumers conduct product customization to own preferences and needs. In place of being driven centrally, design creative element is more crowd sourced and products takes character evolutionarily as more consumer become involved in producing and visualizing them.
Distributed manufacturing enables more resource efficient usage expectation with lesser capacity wasted in factories that are centralized. It conducts barrier lowering to entry of market by reduction of capital amount needed for building 1st products and prototypes. Great importance factor is that there is reduction of environmental overall manufacturing impact. Digital information has shipment over web instead of products physically over rails, roads or ships. Raw materials are locally sourced by reduction of energy amount needed for transportation.
In case this becomes widespread too much, distributed manufacturing disrupts economics and labour markets of traditional and old manufacturing. It has risks. It can be difficult to control and regulate medical manufactured remotely devices. Products like weapons are dangerous or illegal. All things cannot be made by distributed manufacturing. Therefore old, traditional supply chains and manufacturing still needs to be maintained for numerous complex and important consumer goods.
Advantages of Distributed Manufacturing are: To manufacture items close to end destination. By this we reduce impact environmentally and logistic cost. This reduces time from producing to sales. To leverage expertise of large remote network. By this you cut off limitations such as cost of employees working for full time and location factors. No one is present in world with better work experience on project. Not to make permanent investment in amenities supply manufacturing chain is provide with agility factors. This is very necessary in present day business. Industry should be able to contract and expand their infrastructure at speeds lightning for surviving and staying competitive in waves of economy. In model, there is possibility of distributing workloads across numerous suppliers.
Failure on production line only is disastrous. This is lesser if failure is there on production line out of 10, there is one. Manufacturers have ability of supporting numerous small economies by distribution of the factories. In case selling in location, it is sensible both moral-wise and financial-wise to support economy local. Outsourcing to numerous small amenities in turn allows making usage of experts existing. Many large lines of production develop in house ways but it takes investment and time significantly. To open up supply chain to network there is usage of capacity excess. Numerous factories in US operate at far lesser capacity. Opportunity of filling spare space is lots worth-of, therefore strong discounts.