Tag Archives: Robotics

Google Driverless Car – A Self-Driving Car

Google Driverless Car is project by company of Google which involves technologies development for electric cars and autonomous cars. Software that powers cars of Google is known as Google Chauffeur. Lettered on each car’s side identifies it to be a “self-driving car”. Presently project is led by engineer of Google company namely Sebastian Thrun who is director former of Stanford Artificial Intelligence Laboratory and Google Street View’s co-inventor. Team of Thrun at Stanford made creations to robotic vehicle namely Stanley that won DARPA Grand Challenge of 2005. Its prize of US $2 million was got from United States Department of Defense.

Technology: Robotic cars of Google have $150,000 costs while buying equipment that included $70,000 LIDAR system. Finder of range made top mounting in Velodyne beam laser of 64. Laser allows vehicle for generating 3D map detailed of environment. Car takes maps that are generated and combines it with world’s high resolution maps in turn producing lots of types of models of data which allows it’s driving by itself. On 2014 June, system created working with very inch precision high definition map of that area which is to be driven by driverless car. This includes height of traffic lights and on board systems. Computation being performed on computer farms remotely is done.

Testing of Roads: Team of project has provided equipment to test group of 10 cars at least that included 6 Toyota Prius, 3 Lexus RX 450h and 1 Audi TT. Each of these is accompanied by 1 of dozen drivers who have driving unblemished records in driver seat and by 1 of Google’s engineers in passenger seat.

Commercialization:  At year of 2012 founder of Google namely Sergey Brin made a statement that Self-Driving car of Google will have its availability to general masses in 2017. At year of 2014 above schedule was confirmed by director of project namely Chris Urmson who indicated release possibly from 2017 to 2020. Google has no plans of becoming a manufacturer of car, but company has hopes of developing business that markets data and system behind manufacturers of automobiles. Lawyer from California Department of Motor Vehicles raised concerns which meant that technology is more advanced than law in plenty of areas. As per The New York Times regulators and policy makers have made an argument that there are needed factors of new laws in case driverless cars will come to existence and in reality as per reason that technology is advancing so much that there is danger of existing outstripped law because it may date back to era of carriages horse-driven.

Google has 2 bills lobbing which created Nevada as 1st state where vehicles that are autonomous could be operated legally on roads by public. 1st bill is electric vehicle amendment bill that provided testing and licensing of vehicles that are autonomous. 2nd bill provides ban exemption on driving distracted for permitting sending text messages by occupants whilst to sit at back of wheel. 2 bills were voted for before state legislature session of Nevada ended in 2011 June. There was a speculation that there was selection of Nevada because of Consumer Electronics Show and Las Vegas Auto Show and likelihood highly that company of Google will 1st present commercially viable products at both or either of the 2 events. Executives of Google refuse to reason precisely and state as to why they made choice of Nevada to being maiden state for car that was autonomous.

Nevada made a law in 2011 June that was concerned about autonomous car operation that came to effect on 2012 March 1st. Toyota Prius was modified with experimental Google’s driverless car.

An Introduction to Next-Generation Robotics

First emerging of robots came to existence in 1980s and 1970s. Uses initially of production of robots were not so much efficient. As there was improvement in control systems and robots, workstations of robots became component of standard quality of production of automation (52% of installations of robot in US). Since then they moved into applications that included palletizing, loading, filling and packaging.

Technology has advanced so much that there is new robots age. Next-generation anthropomorphic machines moves beyond warehouses and factories for working besides humans in capacities that are new. In factories robots were steel machines fast-moving, armed articulated cells that were production controlled caged environments for protecting human workers. Robots next-generation worked consequently with counterparts of humans.

Robotics has been evolving from complex, expensive, large robotics industrial towards smaller, safer and inexpensive systems which is friendly people-wise. New robots generation looks not only more humanly but it takes on tasks of humans both in home and workplace.

As per recent information, medium-and small- sized industries are 20 to 200 numbered less likely for usage of robotics than large manufacturing companies in similar fields. This is changing along with safe robots and less costly invention.

 Suppliers of robots like Universal Robots from country of Denmark makes arms of robots which is light having a small envelope of work which is programmed easily and are suited well to small businesses of manufacturing. At $31,000 each and amount equally in setting ups is costly but affordable.

A company based on Boston namely Rethink Robotics markets Baxter that is a 2-armed robot that is stationary which is designed for medium and small sized market of business. Baxter embodies amount significantly of new technologies which is adapted easily for performing assembly and packaging tasks. Joint of robots provide usage to elastic actuator series which enables robot software for controlling force amount exerted by arms at proper time (as in opposition to space location). Therefore Baxter is robot that is safe utmost for humans being around because robots meet resistance unexpected from body parts of humans.

Next-generation robot emergence comes to existence by advances numerous in wide ranges of technologies enabled. This includes amount increasing of sensor technology and computing power that has availability for price given. robots which emulates senses of humans needs to have equipment of sensor arrays for recognition of vision, detection of movement, sound and force resistance and tactile sensing. Sensors provide generation of large information and data amounts which needs on board robots processors for processing for functioning.

Added to advanced processors and sensors researchers of robotics have provided development of ROS (Robot Operating System) which uses method uniformly of message passing between smart sensors and numerous software systems which control numerous systems that are needed for human-like robot function.

Present days robotic systems benefits from AI (Artificial Intelligence) latest modernizations. An AI system of software allows robots for functioning autonomously more and making decisions on basis of encountered situations.

Added to on board robot processors and systems, developers look beyond robot itself for processing and accessing information. Companies resembling Google possess expertise in large data amount dealings which look for Cloud’s computing power for increasing dramatically functionality of robots. Experience draw with autonomous car by Google which accesses huge information amounts which enables understanding of robot’s navigation, functionality, whereabouts and environment accordingly. Cloud is robot’s programs and libraries source which enables figuring out of terrain, images and even shapes.

Advancements rapidly modernizing and growing in technologies of robotics allow usage of expanding across wide application range for both society and industry at large. To increase robots and people there is occupancy of same space for service and work.

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