One of the greatest inventions in the history of mankind is the invention of automobiles. In ancient times the mode of travel from one place to another was walking long distances. The affluent people used to have palanquins and palanquin bearers. Another mode of travel was using animals. Horses and elephants were trained for the purpose of traveling. Gradually wooden structures attached with wheels were begun to be used for moving from one place to another. This was the primitive form of an automobile. Later animals were used to drag or move these wheels structure formed another mode of transportation known as the carts. In some places servants were used in the place of animals to pull the carts. Gradually carts were used for several purposes of traveling including carrying luggage and people. Bullock carts and horse carriages became common for traveling. Soon after the invention of carts steam engine was introduced. By the middle of 18th century motor engines were introduced. Automobiles using fuels were introduced and replaced carts, cycles and steam engines.
In the year 1902 manufacturing of automobiles at a large scale was introduced. After the introduction of Ford Cars, the automobile industry was literally dominated by the Ford Company. In the year 1914 the manufacturing of automobiles particularly the production of parts of cars and its interchangeable parts were introduced in a massive scale by Henry Ford. The special feature of Ford cars were there high productivity in the number of cars produced. The human resource or the man power used for the production of Ford cars were less when compared to production of other automobiles. The productivity of the ford cars were eight fold. The fast drying Duo lacquer was used in ford cars. Another feature of the ford cars were the high efficiency of the workers. This was mainly due to their work pattern assigned to them. Every worker was assigned specific work area that increased the efficiency and productivity of the worker. Their efficiency was well paid with high wages that to a great extent increased the economic strategy of United States. The high efficiency and high wages theory was the inspiration to other industries. The growth of the Ford Company was amazing as it resulted in overwhelming response from the automobile users all over the world that made the company to have new openings all over the world. The fame of Ford was spread in most parts of the Europe that resulted in the new production of Ford cars in Britain and France in 1911. Ford Denmark in 1923 and Ford Germany in 1925. The brand name Ford became the synonym for cars during that period and even today to certain extent the conservative section of society considers Ford as the most valuable possession they can have. After Ford several cars manufactures like Morris and Apperson came to the automobile industry. At the time of economic depression during 1930 even renowned car companies, Dorris, Haynes, Cole and Premier had to face harsh economic crisis. The American car manufacturers in 1920 were about 200 reduced to a number of 43 in the year 1930.
Today most of the car uses advanced technology with internal combustion engine with high fuel efficiency. For more efficiency most of the automobiles use gasoline and petrol. Diesel is another fuel used in cars next to gasoline and petrol.
Future car technologies are more advanced with battery electric and electric vehicles, bio fuels, hydrogen cars and alternative fuels. The new technology development focuses on driverless car in near future for the future generations.
It is an admitted fact that what ever be the technology an automobile industry without the production of cars is unimaginable in the fast moving life of today.